THE HISTORY OF TRANSPORTATION
All markets depend on transportation networks, and the Gansevoort Market's growth is tied to transport via water, rail and highway. Early on, New York's produce arrived by boat from across the East and Hudson rivers, which is why so many markets were located at the shoreline. The Hudson River Railroad depot, built in 1854 on Gansevoort Street, just in from the river, attracted the area's first produce vendors. The railroad first ran at ground level, through the market area; by 1934 its tracks were replaced by the High Line (construction begun 1924), a remarkable elevated freight line running roughly one story above street level, and actually passing through dozens of warehouses along its route. The last train ran in 1980, but much of the High Line survives today as a great urban relic, including a stretch of it here in the Gansevoort Market area. A second elevated transport system, approved by the State in 1926, also served the Gansevoort Market: the Miller Elevated Highway (generally known as the West Side Highway), demolished between 1976 and 1989.